working time

Holiday and casual workers: the 12.07% formula challenged

A recent decision of the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) casts doubt on the practice of employers fulfilling their obligations to allow paid annual leave to casual workers by providing for holiday accrual at the rate of 12.07% of hours worked. Facts Brazel was a part-time music teacher, retained on a zero hours contract.    She worked mostly during term-time and her hours fluctuated weekly.  She had a contractual right to 5.6 weeks’ paid holiday, mirroring her statutory …

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ECJ: A worker must be able to carry over paid annual leave when an employer does not allow him to exercise that right

The ECJ held today in King v The Sash Window Workshop that a worker must be able to carry over and accumulate rights to paid annual leave when an employer does not put that worker in a position in which he is able to exercise his right to paid annual leave. EU law precludes the requirement that a worker must actually take leave before establishing whether he has the right to be paid in respect of …

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Holiday pay must include payment for any voluntary overtime normally worked

In the latest instalment to the litigation surrounding the correct calculation of holiday pay, the EAT has held that payment for voluntary overtime that is normally worked is within the concept of ‘normal remuneration’ and should therefore be taken into account in calculating holiday pay for the 4 weeks of holiday provided for by the Working Time Directive (WTD). This is the first binding decision in England and Wales on the issue of voluntary overtime. …

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Holiday pay must include results-based commission: Court of Appeal decision in Lock v British Gas

The Court of Appeal has confirmed in its decision today in Lock v British Gas that holiday pay must include a representative element of results-based commission. The Court did not comment, however, on whether the 12 week reference period adopted by the tribunal for calculating the commission element was correct in all cases, and indicated that there may be questions as to what is the appropriate reference period in any particular case. The brief facts …

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