UK: Court of Appeal overturns EAT decision in Kostal case on unlawful inducements (s.145B TULRCA)

The Court of Appeal has handed down judgment in Kostal UK Ltd v Dunkley and others, a case concerning the scope of s.145B of TULR(C)A. In a decision which will be welcomed by employers who recognise a trade union, the Court of Appeal allowed Kostal’s appeal and overturned the decisions of the EAT and ET. Section 145B is complex but essentially prohibits employers from making offers directly to union members to change their terms and …

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Court of Appeal confirms non-guaranteed and voluntary overtime are in scope for holiday pay calculations

This week, in the latest development on holiday pay, the Court of Appeal gave its judgment in East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust v Flowers and confirmed that both non-guaranteed and voluntary overtime are in scope for inclusion in holiday pay calculations in respect of the 4 weeks’ Working Time Directive holiday entitlement, provided that the overtime is broadly regular and predictable. There is no requirement that the overtime is compulsory under the contract …

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Pay during shared parental leave: no sex discrimination where pay rates differ

The Court of Appeal has given its judgment in the combined cases of Hextall v Leicestershire Police and Capita v Ali and another. The Court found that different rates of pay for mothers on maternity leave and fathers on shared parental leave is not unlawful sex discrimination – it is not direct, nor indirect discrimination,  nor does it breach the equal pay requirements. The decision reaffirms the purpose of maternity leave as for the protection …

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Mental Health Awareness Week 2019: Workplace Wellbeing

Yesterday saw the start of the UK’s 2019 mental health awareness week.  Many employers will use this as an opportunity to launch new workplace wellbeing schemes or to remind employees of the support they already provide, and to encourage staff to talk openly about their mental health.     But do these initiatives actually make a difference? Recognition of and action on the impact of mental ill health in the workplace has, without doubt, progressed in recent …

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European Parliament approves law on more transparent and predictable employment for gig and other workers

European Parliament approves law on more transparent and predictable employment for gig and other workers On 16 April the European Parliament voted to approve the Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions Directive, which is aimed at strengthening the rights of workers and improving working conditions by promoting more transparent and predictable employment whilst ensuring labour market adaptability. The Directive applies to workers in casual or short-term employment, on-demand workers, intermittent workers, voucher-based workers, platform workers, paid …

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HMRC ‘s proposals to reform off-payroll working in the private sector will have significant impact for businesses

Private sector organisations who engage the service of individuals off-payroll are likely to already be aware of the private sector off-payroll working rules, commonly known as the IR35 regime. The IR35 regime applies where an individual provides their services (directly or indirectly) through a personal service company (a “PSC”) to another person or entity (an “End-User”) in circumstances where, had the individual provided their services directly to the End-User rather than through their PSC, they …

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The spotlight on NDAs intensifies as Government publishes proposals for reform

The spotlight on non-disclosure agreements – or confidentiality clauses, as they are commonly referred to – is showing no sign of diminishing. The Government published a consultation paper yesterday, taking forward its agreement in December 2018 to implement one of the recommendations made by the Women and Equalities Committee to better regulate the use of non-disclosure agreements. With a proposal that non-compliance with the reforms will make future confidentiality clauses in settlement agreements void, this …

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Deadline approaches for employers to comply with new payslip requirements for employees and workers

The Government’s achingly slow progress in implementing many of the key recommendations of the Taylor Review means that some of the proposals may be in danger of slipping from many employers’ radars. Indeed, a whole year has passed since the Government published its response to the Taylor Review (which itself was published in July 2017). Employers should be aware that in that response, as part of its aim to increase ‘transparency of entitlement’, the Government …

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Government consults on extending redundancy protection for women and new parents

The Government has launched a new consultation on extending redundancy protection for women and new parents. It comes off the back of key issues raised in the Women and Equalities Select Committee 2016 report and the recommendations made by the Taylor Review of Modern Working Practices.  The consultation closes on 5 April 2019. In summary, the consultation: seeks views on extending the current redundancy protection available to women to cover the period of pregnancy and …

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Court of Appeal hands down judgment in Uber employment status appeal

The Court of Appeal has handed down judgment in Uber B.V. and ors -v- Aslam and ors, holding by a majority (Underhill LJ dissenting) that the claimant drivers were ‘limb b workers’.  The Court of Appeal has, however, taken the unusual step of also granting leave to appeal to the Supreme Court. The appeal focused on the conclusion of the employment tribunal that any driver who had the Uber App switched on, was within the …

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Government’s response to WEC’s report on sexual harassment in the workplace

Earlier this year, the Women and Equalities Committee (WEC) launched an inquiry into sexual harassment in the workplace, gathering a range of evidence from oral and written submissions. This culminated in July 2018 in the publication of its report on Sexual harassment in the workplace, which found that the Government, regulators and employers are all failing to tackle the issue. On 18 December 2018, the Committee published the Government’s response to its report. The WEC …

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Worker status: Government publishes its ‘Good Work Plan’ in response to Taylor review consultations

The Government’s review of modern working practices has been a rather protracted affair but today there has been a significant development with the publication of the Government’s Good Work Plan, which sets out its vision for the future of the UK labour market.  However, as before, when making its initial response to the Taylor Review, the detail provided by the Government is a bit thin on the ground.  No draft legislation has been published, and …

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Brexit: Deal or no deal? Is the future of the settled status scheme hanging in the balance?

Each day now presents new developments in the Brexit negotiations – and in an update to our article of 20 November 2018, the critical EU Summit has now taken place and the leaders of the EU27 Member States have now agreed the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and the future relationship.   This brings to an end the negotiations which began some 20 months ago.  The terms have been declared the, ‘best and …

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Draft withdrawal agreement is agreed (for now) – but what next for citizens’ rights?

On 14 November 2018, after many months of negotiations, the UK Government and the EU Commission finally announced that a draft withdrawal agreement (WA) on the legal terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU has been agreed, and at the same time they issued a ‘Political declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the UK and the EU’ . The WA is a lengthy document (running to nearly 600 pages) but, …

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Data protection cases in the spotlight

Two recent cases involving data protection have recently been in the spotlight.  In WM Morrisons Supermarkets PLC v Various Claimants, the Court of Appeal dismissed Morrisons’ appeal against the High Court’s decision that Morrisons was vicariously liable for the deliberate disclosure by an employee of his co-workers’ personal data on the internet. Unless there is a successful appeal to the Supreme Court, Morrisons is now facing liability for damages in respect of over 5,000 individuals. …

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